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Visual Impairment/Blind

Understanding Vision Loss/Visual Impairment

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, vision loss occurs when a person’s eyesight is not corrected to a “normal” level. Some babies are born without the ability to see and vision loss can occur at any time during a person’s lifetime. Vision loss or visual impairment varies greatly and can be caused by many things, including damage to the eye itself or even a problem in the brain.1

Sight and visual clues are important to a developing baby and vision loss/vision impairment can affect how a child understands and functions in the world. Vision loss/vision impairment can also affect a child’s cognitive, emotional, and physical development.2

Fact Sheets and Frequently Asked Questions

Other Resources

  • The North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services’ Division of Services for the Blind provides information to help blind and visually impaired people be more independent.
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Vision Health Initiative (VHI) collaborates with state and national partners in the attempt to create a more effective multilevel network for vision loss prevention and eye health promotion.
  • The National Federation of the Blind has information and resources to assist those with low vision/vision impairment.
  • The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine’s Department of  Ophthalmology has created a resource guide entitled Living With Low Vision.
  • The North Carolina Low Vision Task Force has created a Directory of Vision Services for  North Carolina residents.

Advocacy and Social Connections

Can’t Find What You’re Looking For?

Contact a Resource Specialist at 1-800-852-0042 or


  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2011). Vision Loss Fact Sheet. Available online at


  • Oct 10 2014